Faculty of Science and Engineering
1. THE PROPOSED TITLE Innovation in the road construction sector and its benefits to industry. BACKGROUND AND INITIAL LITERATURE REVIEW 3.1 INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT Toole, Hallowell and Chinowsky (2013) define innovation as, “the act of introducing a significant improvement in a process, product, or system that is novel to the organization, may cause individuals to view things differently, and results in competitive advantage, increased value for the client or benefit to stockholders;”Gambatese and Hallowell (2011) define innovation as a positive change as a result of new ideas;Pellicer, et. al. (2008) has defined innovation as a broad concept that includes improvements in processes, products or services. It involves incorporating new ideas, which generate changes that help solve the needs of a company and so increase its competitiveness.Further“The term ‘innovation’ is defined as a new or significantly improved technology or advanced business practice” as, indicated by Manley (2005).
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Faculty of Science and Engineering
Faculty of Science and Engineering

1.THE PROPOSED TITLE

Innovation in the road construction sector and its benefits to industry

BACKGROUND AND INITIAL LITERATURE REVIEW

3.1  Faculty of Science and Engineering Introductory Statement

Toole, Hallowell and Chinowsky (2013) define innovation as, “the act of introducing a significant business improvement in a process, product, or system that is novel to the organization, may cause individuals to view things differently, and results in competitive advantage, increased value for the client or social benefit to stockholders;”Gambatese and Hallowell (2011) define innovation as a positive change as a result of new ideas;Pellicer, et. al. (2008) has defined innovation as a broad concept that includes improvements in processes, products or services. It involves incorporating new ideas, which generate changes that help solve the needs of a company and so increase its competitiveness.Further“The term ‘innovation’ is defined as a new or significantly improved technology or advanced business practice” as, indicated by Manley (2005).

Faculty of Science and Engineering Innovation leads

Economic improvement for industries (OECD 2000). Experience in OECD countries showed that innovation has positive impact on profitability at the firm level (Guellec and Pattinson 2001). In the highway sector, innovation is seen as a factor supporting improved environmental engineering outcomes arising from road development (FHWA 2004).

Innovation may rise from inventing highly novel, original and previously unseen technology& products. More likely, however, especially for mature industries such as the road industry, adopting innovative technologies can be challenging to the established road sector organisations.Regardless of the degree of innovation,general literature review supports that substantial benefit can be realized.

Australia’s construction industry is competitive with ongoing challenges that include the use of Information technology, increasing public expectations in ecological defense, increasing demand for packaged construction services, and moves toward private sector funding of public infrastructure (Hampson and Manley, 2001).

Bennett & Ducasse (2009) outline innovations using available onsite materials, mixed together with other available materials, and combinations of conventional and new stabilizing agents and compaction aids, together with conventional and new surfacing techniques, which provide benefitsin the road sector.

This research will be based on innovation used in various parts of the world including Australia. The way in which innovators overcome the obstacles they encounter in implementation will also be researched. Conceptual framework of this research as shown in figure-1 below:

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